IoT & Cyber Physical Systems
The topic of “IoT & Cyber Physical Systems” represents a vision in which the Internet extends into the real world embracing everyday objects. Physical items are no longer disconnected from the virtual world, but can be remotely controlled and can act as physical access points to Internet services. The back end of these physical access points is a geographically distributed system which integrates such diverse technologies as pervasive, mobile and Cloud computing. This topic arises from synergically merging IoT and distributed computing.
IoT and Cyber Physical Systems rely on the advanced connectivity of devices, systems, and services that covers a variety of protocols, domains, and applications. It is expected to usher in automation in nearly all fields, while also enabling advanced applications like Smart Environments. A decentralized system of cooperating smart objects (SOs) are emerging as a new paradigm for IoT. SOs are able to sense/actuate, store, and interpret information created within themselves and around the neighboring external world where they are situated, act on their own, cooperate with each other, and exchange information with other kinds of electronic devices and human users.
Distributed computing uses groups of networked computers for the same computational goal. Distributed Computing has several common issues with concurrent and parallel computing, as all these three falls in the scientific computing field. Nowadays, a large amount of distributed computing technologies coupled with hardware virtualization, service-oriented architecture, and autonomic and utility computing have led to Cloud computing. Novel algorithms and techniques must be devised and analyzed to scalably execute complex applications on Cloud facilities, also in the geographic InterCloud scenario, with a specific focus on energy efficiency.
The topic of “Distributed Systems and Internet of Things” is the focus of some very relevant research projects worldwide (e.g. the Roseline Project at UCLA, the ATLAS@home project at CERN, the TerraSwarm project at Berkeley).
It is extremely important to develop applications as Smart Cities, Smart Home, Urban Computing and we expect they will dominate the ICT sector in the next few years.